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This FAQ was compiled from numerous sources by Stewart Fritz and
Warren Lapham. Send comments and additional questions to firstname.lastname@example.org. Reproduce the FAQ
portion of this page at will.
- Who is FAX?
- What is FAX?
- Where is FAX?
- When is FAX?
- Why is FAX?
Fax Recordings and where to find them
- Why does this Pete Namlook guy appear on
like all of the CDs?
Why are they so hard to find?
- Why only 3000?
- Where can I find these CDs, then?
- If I want to order something by FAX, should
I FAX 4969450464?
- Where else can I get some of these CDs? Are
there reissues of older titles?
- What's with the PK/PW/PS business?
- What do the circles/colors mean?
- What about vinyl?
- What's with the other labels associated
- Why do some releases have Arabic numbers
and some Roman?
Fax miscellany/Ambient questions
- Have these guys released stuff on
- Why would anyone name a music CD
- Is there any ambient music outside of
- What's with the rave-o-matic/jungle stuff?
I thought you said FAX was ambient.
What is ambient music?
- Where do I start?
- Why does FAX suck so bad?
- Is Fax dead?
- Where can I hear some of this
- Is there some sort of Blade Runner
Questions about 2350.org
- Who's in charge here?
- Are you guys fanatics?
- I bought "Jet Chamber LXIX" and I hated it.
Why didn't you warn me?
- Why isn't your site prettier?
- Why hasn't the site been updated in a while?
Can I link to your site?
- Will you link to my site?
- Can I copy the reviews on
- If I submit a review to 2350.org, does that
mean 2350.org owns it?
Who is FAX?
Primarily Peter Kuhlmann (recording as Pete
Namlook...it's backwards, get it? Oooh) and a supporting
cast of thousands, including but not limited to Tetsu
Inoue, Klaus Schulze, Bill Laswell, Ritchie Hawtin, Peter
Prochir, Peter Benisch, Dr. Atmo, and many, many
What is FAX?
Fax is a record label that produces a wide range of
ambient and electronic music in various forms and
Fax +49-69/450464 is the full name of the record
label...it was originally named that so people who wanted
to fax them could figure out the number easily. :)
Where is FAX?
Originally located in Frankfurt, Germany, Fax has since
moved its headquarters to Traben-Trarbach, about 87
miles(140 km) to the west.
The official Fax website is hosted by Hyperreal, and can be found
When is FAX?
Since 1992, approximately every fortnight.
Why is FAX?
Fax Recordings and Where to find them
Why does this Pete Namlook guy appear
on like all of the CDs?
Well, for one thing, he owns the label. It was
originally started to promote his music, and that's why he
appears on so many of the releases.
Why are they so hard to
They're hard to find because the label only makes
between 500 and 3000 copies of each CD, depending on the
release. Except for the Ambient World
releases, which are theoretically unlimited.
Why only 3000?
Mostly to keep inventory down and minimize upfront costs on releaes
that may not sell well. You can try looking here for more in-depth
information on the topic.
Where can I find these CDs,
You can check out online sources like Ear/Rational Music
Records, or e-mail-based stores like Playing By Ear (send mail to
pbe@Rt66.com), all of which have current releases as
well as some older ones, at good prices. Other online
stores such as
Amazon have been known to occasionally carry some
of the FAX titles, but thier stock is hard to verify
and it's a gamble as to whether you'll get the discs
Very early releases are hard to come by, but you
might check out eBay
and search for "Fax" or "Namlook" in the Compact Discs
section. Another direction to search in is the
Whitezone e-mail trading list, where a number of Fax
rarities have turned up for sale or auction. To
subscribe, send mail to
email@example.com with "subscribe whitezone"
in the body of the message. Unfortunately, many of the
older releases are highly prized among FAX collectors,
meaning if you do see one of the earlier
releases on eBay or private auction, be forewarned that
the prices may climb well out of the average
collector's price range.
If all else fails, ask around...maybe there's a Fax
junkie out there willing to part with a copy of that
hard-to-find title you're looking for.
If I want to order something by
FAX, should I FAX 4969450464?
No. You cannot order from there. They make the
music, not sell it. Besides, that number apparently is
no longer in service.
Where else can I get some of these
CDs? Are there reissues of older titles?
A number of the harder-to-find titles have been
re-issued on Ambient World, as well as other labels.
These re-issues can be found at many of the sources
listed above, and generally contain the exact same
music on the CD but with substantially different album
What's with the PK/PW/PS
Quoting from the official Fax website:
The main label is denoted with a PK code and is
usually a collaboration with other German musicians
or a solo project. On the record label there is a
circle with a number in it on the upper right hand
corner...There is the "triangle" label or just plain
"sublabel" which has a triangle over a circle (in the
upper right as usual). The vinyl records on this
label have the text and the circle in white while the
label is always black. For the CDs, the trimmings are
gold and the background usually has some pretty
impressive looking artwork that varies quite a bit.
This sublabel is indicated by a catalog code of PS.
Pete Namlook has nothing to do with this label
musically but provides it instead as a support label
for independent and underground artists. The "world"
sublabel replaces the usual circle with a picture of
the earth from space and the catalog code is PW. This
label is set up for collaborations with artists
around the world who are outside of Germany.
A good way to keep track of the codes is PK=Peter
Kuhlmann, his main label. PS=Peter's sublabel and
PW=Peter's World label.
What do the circles/colors
Although the "circle" album cover design has been
slowly phased out, older releases followed a "code" for
the label design which was as follows: On the CD sleeve
or record label there is a large circle with a smaller
circle in the upper right hand corner. Depending on the
type of music on the album, the large circle would vary
in color. For example, ambient releases are a light
blue color while breakbeat gets an orange color. A
full explanation of the Fax color spectrum can be
found at the official Fax website. The few exceptions
to this rule are the World and Sublabel series, which
have a black circle with some kind of artwork in the
large circle, the Namlook live albums which follow no
real pattern, and various releases like the original
release of Air II which has the circle design
set into a photgraph of an astronaut.
The second, smaller circle usually contains some
sort of unique characteristic or color to identify it
as a particular release in the Fax catalog. The
exceptions again are the World label, which replaces
the small circle with a photograph of the Earth, and
the Sublabel, which replaces the circle with a triangle
overlaid with a smaller circle.
Starting with the release of Atom, the
album covers have begun to move away from the standard
circle designs, using more photographic and
What about vinyl?
Fax has released many 12" records of music from
various projects. A list of the vinyl releases to date
can be found at
http://www.2350.org/vinyl/ (In the interest of
space, we aren't cataloging reviews of them here, as
much of the music tends to show up on CD's relesed
prior to, or subsequent to, the vinyl releases, making
cataloging them redundant. In time, 2350.org may
include the vinyl releases.)
What's with the other labels
associated with Fax?
Aside from the three subdivisions within the Fax
mothership, there are two other labels associated with
Fax in some way. The aforementioned Ambient World
re-releases out-of-print Fax titles. The other label,
Yesterday and Tomorrow, has so far released three
titles. From the Fax website:
Yesterday/Tomorrow Records is a label dedicated to
the classical side of ambient and the ambient side of
classical music. With this label, we try to connect
the old music with the future of music. Basically our
aim is to show that ambient is not only a new music
born from the techno culture of our days but more a
sound which was there from the beginning. Ambient, as
it has its roots in the natural environment we are
living in, exists in its basic form since several
million years. The composer of the soundtrack was
Classical music developed after the third of the
19th century into a music with strict rules - even
when the rule was no rule - with pure theoretic
approach. A bit too far from the nature of 99 per
cent of mankind and besides the interest of some
science oriented listeners not very popular. On the
classical side the late 19th century is our starting
point. This was the time where all the experiences of
the centuries before were used to create an
impressionistic sound. Experiences and feelings had
been transformed into music and bent the chains of
musical laws which were very strict before this time
What we will do is to start musically at this
point of musical history. The music at that time had
one main vivid aspect: that whatever is useful to
transport the desired feelings to the listener is
also allowed. With the knowledge and technology of
our time we are able to create sounds the composers
of this time were dreaming of. We will take this
chance and give the music of tomorrow to our
listeners. All the releases on Yesterday/Tomorrow
will be created by a classical musician in
cooperation with an ambient musician. The ambient
audience will be introduced to a new sound of their
music with a classical approach. We want to show the
audience of classical music that with ambient there
is a new music going on which is made by composers of
our time who have their roots in yesterday's
classical music and in the timeless music of ambient
to create the sound of tomorrow.
Why do some releases have Arabic
numbers and some Roman?
Fax miscellany/Ambient questions
Have these guys released stuff on
Most of the artists Namlook have collaborated with
have produced music on other labels besides Fax, or
(like Bill Laswell, Klaus Schulze, and others) were
already well established in the music world long before
becoming associated with Fax. A partial listing appears
- Tetsu Inoue has produced a number of extra-Fax
recordings, including World Reciever,
Psycho-Acoustic, and Waterloo
- Bill Laswell has put out an uncountable number of
releases in various guises, including performing,
producing and writing roles. Labels inlclude Submeta,
- Thomas Fanger, of Fanger & Siebert, has done
work outside of Fax as a member of the group Fanger
& Kersten, also known as Mindflux. Mindflux
recordings are available on Manikin Records.
Why would anyone name a music CD
Why not? Maybe it's a John Cage cover.
Is there any ambient music outside
Seriously, yes, there's TONS of it; some good, some
downright terrible. The Fax label didn't invent ambient
music...it merely perfected it. ;)
What's with the
rave-o-matic/jungle stuff? I thought you said FAX was
Well, yes and no. In Pete Namlook's own words(taken
from the "1 Year" Compilation):
I'm sorry to put "Ambient" in quotation marks all
the time, but for me in "Ambient" music, everything
is possible and the word "Ambient" does not match all
the musical possibilities we have within the music we
do nowadays. It's important that you understand
"Ambient" as more than one musical direction. It can
be Dance ("The Fires of Ork"), Chill Out ("2350
Broadway"), Jazz ("Harmonize," "Air"), Classical
("Silence"), Ethnical ("Sad World") and
("Alien Community") or simply all kinds of music. I
think that the main reason for the success of
"Ambient" music is that you, the listener, are
getting more and more open minded and that pure
structured beat and form oriented music of other
musical directions becomes boring after a while.
What is ambient
Where do I
In general, a good ambient music starting point
is Brian Eno's Music For Airports, one of
the earliest "ambient" albums in the classical
sense of the word. More recent, and still readily
available, is The KLF's Chill Out, which
is generally spoken of as a great prototypical
ambient album. Join the Ambient music mailing list
and ask around...people are very willing to share
their opinions. The archives are a great source of
information, as a number of "Top Ten" lists have
gone through tie mailing list in the past few
A good starting point for FAX, especially if you live in the US,
is to search for the Instinct double disc re-releases of Air 1/2, Alien Community
1/2, and Silence 1/2. Word on the street, now, is that some of these titles may
be out of print, so you may not be able to find them new. The compilations are also a good
place to start, especially the Genetic Drift compilation, which is a
nicely mixed two-disc set. Beyond that, the new releases should be easy to
find, although we can't vouch for their quality or how representative of FAX they may be. If
you want to dig a little deeper, reading the reviews here at 2350.org can help you decide which titles to search out next, as well as
asking around the Fax mailing list.
Why does FAX suck so
It doesn't. Shut up.
Is FAX dead?
Where can I hear some of this
Our audio page has RealAudio clips of the
lastest elease, and you can download MP3 files of Fax music
Is there some sort of Blade
With the release of 4Voice in 1993, Ridley
Scott's Blade Runner became the sample
playground of choice for many FAX projects.
4Voice, The Fires of Ork, and Shades
of Orion are only a few of the titles that contain
samples from Blade Runner. In addition, the cover
artwork for Miles Apart features a shot from
However, Blade Runner is not the only
sample source for FAX releases, it just seems that way
because of the higher number of samples used from that
film. Other films sampled include Dune(sampled
in Air II) and, most recently, The
Matrix(lines of dialogue were used extensively on
Namlook XV). Other sources besides films have
been used as samples, including an answering
machine(which makes an appearance on both Xangadix and A Day in the Park), a
howling wolf(at various points throughout Air), and even the
seashore(used to great effect
in Music to Films).
Questions about 2350.org
Who's in charge here?
2350.org is the product of Warren Lapham and Stewart
Fritz, plus the contributions of many Fax fans from
across the world. More information can be found on the
Are you guys
We used to be, but aren't so much anymore.
I bought "Jet Chamber LXIX" and I hated it. Why
didn't you warn me?
How are we supposed to know what you like?
Why isn't your site prettier?
We've designed 2350.org to be low-bandwith so it
takes less time to download. Pretty graphics might look
nice, but that's not the reason you came to this site,
Why hasn't the site been updated in a while?
We like doing things other than building web sites. See also the answer to this question.
Can I link to your
Yes, with one request: If your site uses frames,
we'd really prefer it if you would include
TARGET="_top" in your anchor tags. This will open
2350.org in a new window, and prevent us from being
framed within your site, which isn't very polite. (What are you doing using frames, anyway? This is the 21st century!)
Will you link to my
We review requests for links on a case-by-case
basis. If the link is a relevant one, we'll link to
it(if we don't already have a link). However, if
the link is for a site with only marginal relevance
to the FAX label or 2350.org, we'll probably pass
Can I copy the reviews on
2350.org is an archive site, meaning the reviews
submitted and posted are owned and copyrighted by their
respective authors. That said, it's probably safe to
assume that if a review is posted on 2350.org, it's ok
to use in a NON-COMMERCIAL way, i.e., you can't charge
for it. However, if you've got doubts, or if you want
to use these reviews in a for-profit manner, you should
make every attempt to clear it with the original
authors. We take no responsibility for any legal action
brought upon you for failing to clear copyrights with
the original author.
If I submit a review to 2350.org,
does that mean 2350.org owns it?
No. Authors of reviews posted to 2350.org retain
full ownership of their original reviews. 2350.org
merely archives them.